Residency requirements for candidates can differ from office to office. In 2001, the Florida Supreme Court in Miller v. Mendez construed the judicial residency requirement contained in Art. V, section 8 of the Florida Constitution to mean that a candidate for judge can reside outside the territorial jurisdiction of the court where they are seeking office. The only residency requirement is that the successful candidate for judge reside in the court’s jurisdiction at the time of taking office. Despite the court’s decision in Miller, the candidate qualifying oath for judge contained in Fla. Stat. 105.031 continues to require candidates to swear that they are a voter in the circuit where they are seeking office. The legislature never modified the oath after the Miller decision.
The ability of lawyers to run for judicial seats far from home is illustrated in this article at the naplesnews.com.